Nursing Program Philosophy
The person is made up of knowledge, skills, specialties, prior experiences and learned characteristics within five dimensions of being: Physiological, psychological, sociocultural, developmental, and spiritual. Person is defined over the course of the lifespan. The person is a holistic system consisting of interrelationships of all five dimensions interacting with the internal and external environments. Person also includes the family, friends, and groups in which the person is involved. The person participates in the coordination and performance of healthcare and healthcare education.
Florence Nightingale first established the significance of environmental factors in relationship to health in the 1860's. The environment constitutes all internal and external conditions, circumstances and influences surrounding and affecting a person. The relationship between the person and the environment is ongoing and reciprocal. A client's interaction within a specific environment may have either positive or negative effects on the client's health and health care needs.
Nursing takes place in a variety of settings; home care, community care, acute care and within the context of global healthcare concerns. Nursing professionals must understand the significance of internal and external environmental diversity as they care for each unique client and prioritize the client's needs for care. This may be accomplished through observation of cues, formulation and evaluation of hypotheses, taking action, and evaluating the outcomes of nursing care.
Health is a dynamic state of well-being experience on a continuum ranging from optimal health to death. A reciprocal interaction exists between a person (family and associated groups) and the internal and external environments to produce a state of health. Health fluctuates across the person's lifespan from a state of optimal wellness when all needs are met to an alteration in health with unmet needs. Alterations in health are manifested within the five dimensions (physical, psychological, spiritual, developmental, and sociocultural).
The faculty at Methodist College believes the entry level into professional practice is the Bachelor of Science Degree in Nursing. Nursing is both a caring and learned profession that is an art and a science in which nurses recognize and analyze cues to prioritize client needs in order to make clinical decisions and evaluate outcomes (NCSBN Clinical Judgment Model, 2019).
The professional nurse is guided by a code of ethics and professional standards of practice. The roles for the baccalaureate generalist nurse are derived from the discipline of nursing and include; 1) provider of care, 2) designer/manager/coordinator of care, 3) member of the profession, 4) lifelong learner. Within these roles, professional nursing includes being an educator, a communicator, and an advocate. Professional nursing development involves a commitment toward advancement of the body of knowledge within nursing and healthcare.
Nursing education is a dynamic process that focuses on safe and effective culturally appropriate and evidence based client care. Critical analysis enables the learner to recognize meaningful cues to take appropriate actions in a variety of situations and to evaluate the outcomes. The student is a self-directed adult learner that is provided the opportunity to build knowledge, skills and attitudes. The baccalaureate curriculum at Methodist College prepares the professional nurse generalist to be a successful leader in providing holistic care, understanding the healthcare environment, and adapt to meeting the challenges of the world. The faculty serve as resources, facilitators, and mentors. Faculty feel that learning is best fostered in a discovery-based environment with collaboration between faculty and students that promotes mutual respect.